Sapphire is a symbol of fidelity and the soul. Synonymous with romance and royalty, this gorgeous gemstone is the source of most beautiful blue hues in the gem kingdom.

Rough Uncut Blue Sapphire Natural Uncut Sapphire

Natural Uncut Rough Blue Sapphire Gemstones

Colors & Composition of Sapphires:

Though best known for its beguiling blue colors, sapphire happens to occur in almost all the color of the spectrum. However, a ‘red sapphire’ is called ruby, which is sapphire’s gem sibling. These gems are composed of the mineral corundum which is both tough and durable.

The Duchess Of Cambridge Kate Middleton’s Engagement Ring Has A Prominent Sapphire Rather Than A Diamond

Kate Middleton Engagement Ring

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Corundum is a mineralogical name conferred upon crystallized Aluminum oxide (Al2O3). Pure Corundum is perfectly colorless and very very scarce and as such sapphire itself is equally rare.

14K Yellow Gold Necklace with Natural Sapphire 2.53 Carat 14k Solid White Gold Necklace with Natural Diamond and Sapphire Blue Sapphire and Diamond Teardrop Pendant Necklace 14k Yellow Gold
14K Yellow Gold Necklace with Natural Sapphire 2.53 Carat 14k Solid White Gold Necklace with Natural Diamond and Sapphire Blue Sapphire and Diamond Teardrop Pendant Necklace 14k Yellow Gold

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Trace amounts of metallic impurities like iron, titanium, or chromium in its crystalline structure impart blue, yellow, pink, purple, orange, or greenish color to the corundum. The gemstone thus achieves a number of color variations.

A blue corundum gemstone is merely called Sapphire.

Gems of other colors are referred to with their color as a prefix. For example, yellow-sapphire, pink-sapphire & so on. Two other color varieties have been given specific names.

The Pink-orange varieties are also called padparadscha.

Virtually pure chromium impurity imparts a pure red color to the corundum and it is called a Ruby.

Also, a combination of chromium and titanium produces sapphires of a red color distinct from that of ruby.They are called red-sapphires.

0.8 Carat 14K Black Gold Classic Side Stone Pave Set With Milgrain Diamond Engagement Ring with a 0.5 Carat Natural Pink Sapphire Center 0.40 Cts Pink Sapphire Solitaire Scroll Pendant in 14K Yellow Gold Diamond and Pink Sapphire Floating Diamond Eternity Band
0.8 Carat 14K Black Gold Classic Side Stone Pave Set With Milgrain Diamond Engagement Ring with a 0.5 Carat Natural Pink Sapphire Center 0.40 Cts Pink Sapphire Solitaire Scroll Pendant in 14K Yellow Gold Diamond and Pink Sapphires Floating Diamond Eternity Band

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History & Lore:

These gemstones are all the more desirable because of their enticing colors, abounding history and the metaphysical qualities attributed to them. Legend has it that the tablets bearing the Ten Commandments were actually crafted out of sapphire. Ancient kings wore sapphires around their necks as protection against harm, to ward off evil and to achieve divine favors.

Ancients thought that the power of wisdom is contained within this precious gemstone. They believed that the stone’s energy enables the wearer to uncover correct solutions to difficult obstructions.

Vir Jewels 14K Gold Blue Sapphire Stud Earrings 14K White Gold Ladies Halo Style Dangling Drop Earrings 1.00 Carat (ctw) 14K Yellow Gold Ladies Huggies Hoop Earrings
Vir Jewels 14K Gold Blue Sapphires Stud Earrings 14K White Gold Ladies Halo Style Dangling Drop Earrings 1.00 Carat (ctw) 14K Yellow Gold Ladies Huggies Hoop Earrings

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The gemstone has been an emblem of the heavens, guardian of innocence and imparted with loyalty, sincerity and truth. The ancient Persians believed that the earth’s crust rested upon an enormous sapphire, whose brilliancy mirrored the sky’s coloration at sunset.

The name of this gemstone has been derived from the Latin word sapphirus which merely means blue. Ruby is derived from the Latin word ruber meaning red. The name corundum stems from the Sanskrit word kurivinda.

Art Deco Sapphire and Diamond Bezel Engagement Ring

Art Deco Sapphire and Diamond Bezel Engagement Ring

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In the ancient times, it was believed that all gems grew and ripened with changing seasons similar to the fruits on a tree. Starting off as white, the gems matured and became perfect as the sun shined. Deep red stones were regarded as fully ripened while the paler stones were deemed to have been plucked from the earth too early. The lovely red ripe stone (ruby) was called Kuruvinda in the ancient Indian language of Sanskrit. The phrase Corundum springs from this ancient sanskrit word and encompasses all gems formed of crystallized Aluminum oxide (Al2O3) together with the Ruby.

White Gold Necklace with Emerald Cut Sapphires & Diamonds 13.94ctw Genuine Sapphire & Diamond 14K White Gold Bracelet
White Gold Necklace with Emerald Cut Sapphires & Diamonds 13.94ctw Genuine Sapphire & Diamond 14K White Gold Bracelet

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Sapphire was the engagement ring given by Prince Charles to Lady Diana Spencer.

Though the most commonly recognized color of the gemstone happens to be blue (ranging from vivid medium dark violet to purplish blue), this gemstone occurs in almost all other hues like yellow, orange, white, pink & purple.

Sources Of Sapphires:

Along with its coloration, its region of origin has a great influence on the value of this gemstone. The most precious and magnificent sapphires that are intense blue in color with a hint of violet originate from the Kashmir region of India.

Adorable Womens Natural-Sapphire 1.25 cttw 18K White Gold Flower Heart Floret Cluster Diamond Ring

Adorable Womens Natural Sapphire 1.25 cttw 18K White Gold Flower Heart Floret Cluster Diamond Ring

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Sapphires that come close to Kashmir sapphires in color tones are those from Burma (Myanmar) .

The pinkish orange sapphires from Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon) are identified as Ceylon sapphires. They are also widely known as ‘Padparadscha’. Padparadscha sapphires are distinguished by an orange color with a fine pink undertone, comparable to that of a ‘lotus flower’ which its name represents. These stones command a premium price.

Padparadscha Sapphire Gemstones

Padparadscha Sapphires

Padparadscha-Sapphire-Gemstones

Click On The Image To View An Amazing Collection Of Padparadscha Sapphires

Australia is yet another significant source of sapphires that are particularly deep velvety blue and dark inky in appearance. Some more lately found sources of sapphires are Madagascar, US (Gem Mountain and Montana), Brazil, Tanzania and Cambodia.

Routine Enhancements:

The history of treating a gem to improve its color, clarity etc. is as old as the gem trade itself. One of the earliest mentions of gem treatments is seen in Pliny’s History of the World. It is a custom in the gem trade for almost all gems to go through some form of treatment or the other. Clarity and color of sapphires get enhanced significantly with heat treatment.

18K Yellow Gold, Diamond and Sapphire Clip Brooch 18K Yellow Gold Blue Sapphire Bee Brooch Pin Diamond Jewelry
18K Yellow Gold & Diamond  Clip Brooch 18K Yellow Gold Bee Brooch Pin Diamond Jewelry

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Most blue sapphires are heated to boost the blue color by dissolving titanium inclusions though occasionally dark sapphires can get lightened by heat.

Fancy colored sapphires are also often heated in order to cultivate the best color possible. In case of some sapphires the heat treatment improves both the clarity and the color.

Heat enhancement is stable and routine and does not require any additional or special care.

18K White Gold Unique Diamond Blue Sapphire Earrings

18K White Gold Unique Diamond Blue Sapphire Earrings

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Bulk Diffusion Technique is another recently devised technique in which pale pink, colorless or yellow sapphires are heated along with beryl or chrysoberyl, which permeates the surface of the gem. The procedure adds yellow color making pale yellow gems a more intense yellow and converting pink ones into orange. The color so imparted may either be confined to a thin coating on the surface or in certain cases may completely swamp the entire stone. Bulk diffusion treatment should be revealed in writing on the invoice. It takes a well equipped gemological laboratory to detect this treatment so be wary of buying a sapphires from questionable sources.

If you want a sapphire whose color is natural, insist on a report from a established gem testing laboratory like the AGTA Gemological Testing Center certifying that the stone shows no evidence of heat alteration. But you also have to be prepared to pay a premium for the pleasure.

Quality And Value Of Sapphires

Intense medium dark blue is the most desired color for blue sapphires. The value of blue sapphires is determined on the basis of the purity of their primary hue. Purple, violet and green are the lesser hues found naturally in blue sapphires.

Natural Untreated Blue Sapphire, 11.95ct 21.84ct Natural Untreated Certified Yellow Sapphire 27.34 Carat Untreated Loose Blue Sapphire Oval Cut Natural Padparadscha Sapphire 12.16ct Natural Untreated Orangish Yellow Sapphire, 20.66ct Natural Pink Sapphire 7.21ct

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Violet and purple hues are deemed positives and contribute to the overall beauty of the gemstone. Conversely, green hue is regarded a definite negative & reduces the value of the sapphire. Blue sapphires with less than fifteen per cent violet or purple hues are regarded to be of fine quality but even a trace of green tends to make it inferior in quality.

Yellow and green sapphires are also frequently found.

Chromium content imparts a pink hue to sapphires and the pink color intensifies with the increasing content of chromium. The value of the sapphire increases with the deepening pink color so long as the color deepens in the direction of the red of rubies.

The value of sapphire depends on its color much more than anything else and even small variations can change its value considerably. Preferably a sapphire should be vivid, pure and highly saturated medium or medium dark toned with no tinge of gray or brown. Sapphires that are too dark or too light in color are not highly valued.

Sapphires are most common in cushion and oval shapes. Other shapes, including rounds, emerald cuts, princess cuts and trilliants are widely available in sizes under a carat.

Sapphire Gemstone Shapes

Sapphire Gemstone Shapes

Fine sapphire is usually more affordable than similar quality ruby, emerald and diamonds.

All sapphires occur in nature with inclusions though in exceptional rare cases a sapphire can also be clean. Even valuable sapphires can carry inclusions and completely clean gems make them suspect.

Sapphires With Special Optical Properties (Phenomenal Sapphires)

Certain unusual color changing sapphires, display different colors in different light. The blue in outdoor light changes to purple in an incandescent indoor light. The pink in daylight turns greenish under fluorescent light.

Sapphires with sufficiently large number of inclusions of tiny, rutile needles exhibit an optical property called asterism. Rutile is a mineral composed primarily of titanium dioxide.

When these inclusions are numerous enough, they make the stone translucent or opaque. When they are properly oriented, they reflect light in such a way that a moving star appears and glides across the top of the stone.

Platinum And Star Sapphire Gemstone Pendants

Platinum And Star Sapphire Gemstone Pendants

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A skilled cutter recognizes this potential in a piece of rough sapphire and cuts it into the dome shape cabochon cut. Typically, the center of the star is near the top of the dome. Faceted stones are less likely to show the effect well. The six-ray “star”-shaped pattern is seen more often. Twelve-ray star pattern is also occasionally found.

27.34 Carat Untreated Loose Blue Sapphire Oval Cut 12.01 Carat Untreated Loose Sapphire Oval Cut
27.34 Carat Untreated Loose Blue Sapphire Oval Cut 12.01 Carat Untreated Loose Sapphire Oval Cut

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Star-Sapphires

Star Sapphires Gemstones

Natural Untreated Magenta Star Sapphire, 2.63ct Natural Untreated Pink Star Sapphire, 4.60ct Natural Untreated Black Star Sapphire, 12.30ct Natural Untreated Metallic Moonstone Star Sapphire, 28.59ct
Natural Untreated Magenta Star Sapphire, 2.63ct Natural Untreated Pink Star-Sapphire, 4.60ct Natural Untreated Black Star Sapphire, 12.30ct Natural Untreated Metallic Moonstone Star Sapphire, 28.59ct

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Parti sapphires are fine Australian beauties and the best examples are unique to Australia. They show both yellow and blue colors and depending upon the facets also throw the green color. Due to the natural mixing of colors, Parti sapphires can’t be artificially produced and offer their owner an exclusive gemstone that is guaranteed to be natural.

Natural-Uncut-Australian-Parti-Sapphire-Gemstone
Natural Uncut Australian Parti Sapphire Gemstone
Parti-Sapphire-Gemstones
Parti Sapphire Gemstones
rough-australian-parti-sapphires-gemstones
Rough Australian Parti Sapphires Gemstones

A highly prized Parti sapphire is the “Pharoah’s Eye”. The Pharoah’s Eye is a blue crystal with a yellow core. The gem is so cut that the culet (bottom) of the stone is centered in the yellow core and the crown (top) is in the blue. This is a really spectacular stone.

Sapphires in Jewelry

Measuring 9.0 on the Mohs scale of hardness, sapphires are the second hardest natural mineral after diamonds. They match well with all designs of jewelry and mainly because of their hardness are appropriate for daily wear.

Sapphires look fantastic in engagement rings, right hand rings as also in pendants around the neck. Sapphires come in a riot of colours as well as in an extensive range of prices from reasonably priced to the exclusive. So sapphire jewelry can go with all types of outfits, all types of occasions and they can fit into any class.

Sapphire-Gemstone-Jewelry

Click On The Above Image To View An Amazing Collection Of Sapphire Gemstone Jewelry

Sapphire is the original “true blue” and the gem of fidelity. In ancient times, a gift of a this gemstone was a pledge of trust, honesty, purity, and loyalty. This tradition makes sapphire a popular choice for engagement rings.

Care & Cleaning

In order to preserve the luster and fire of a sapphire, it is very important that you clean them on a regular basis. The emphasis is on Regular Cleaning. You can do the cleaning with mild detergent or soap and lukewarm water. Scrubbing can be done gently with a soft toothbrush behind the stone where dust can collect.

Pink Sapphire Cushion Cut Diamond Engagement Ring 18K Black Gold Rhodium Plating Over White Gold 2.50ct Black Princess Cut Diamond Pink Sapphire Engagement Ring 18k Black Gold Rhodium Plating Over White Gold 3.21ct Pink Sapphire Diamond Engagement Ring Bridal Set 18K Black Gold Rhodium Plating Over White Gold
Pink Sapphire Cushion Cut Diamond Engagement Ring 18K Black Gold Rhodium Plating Over White Gold 2.50ct Black Princess Cut Diamond Pink Sapphire Engagement Ring 18k Black Gold Rhodium Plating Over White Gold 3.21ct Pink Sapphire Diamond Engagement Ring Bridal Set 18K Black Gold Rhodium Plating Over White Gold

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Artificial Sapphires

It is also worth stating here that today artificial sapphires are manufactured in the lab. These artificial sapphires are similar to the naturally occurring ones in all ways except that they do not have the blemishes and inclusions seen in the latter. They are also available in much lower price range.

3.0ct Princess Cut Black Diamond Pink Sapphire Engagement Ring 14k White Gold 3.21ct Pink Sapphire Diamond Engagement Ring Bridal Set 18K White Gold 2.50ct Black Princess Cut Diamond Pink Sapphire Engagement Ring 18k White Gold
3.0ct Princess Cut Black Diamond Pink Sapphire Engagement Ring 14k White Gold 3.21ct Pink S apphire Diamond Engagement Ring Bridal Set 18K White Gold 2.50ct Black Princess Cut Diamond Pink Sapphire Engagement Ring 18k White Gold

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Click Here To View An Amazing Sapphire Gemstones Jewelry Collection


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