Pure titanium is a light, hard, silvery-white, shiny metal. It has outstanding strength and corrosion resistance attributes and a high strength to weight ratio.
The name Titanium itself is derived from the name of God of earth ‘Titan” in Greek mythology. The name implies strength.
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Titanium is a chemical element with the symbol Ti. It has an atomic number of 22, occupies group 4, period 4, and block d in the periodic table and is labeled as a transition metal.
Titanium is the 9th most plentiful element in the Earth’s crust but is by no means found it its pure form. Its key minerals are anatase, brookite, ilmenite, perovskite, rutile, titanite, as well many iron ores. Rutile and ilmenite are its economically important minerals.
Considerable deposits of ilmenite are found in Western Australia, Canada, China, India, Mozambique, New Zealand, Norway, and Ukraine. Sizeable quantities of rutile are mined in North America and South Africa.
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The most valuable properties of Titanium are its strength, its resistance to corrosion and it strength to weight ratio.
Titanium is forty five per cent lighter than steel but it is equally strong. It is only 60% heavier than aluminium but is 100% stronger .
Titanium is almost as resistant to corrosion as platinum, and is capable of withstanding acids, salt solutions, and even the highly corrosive chlorine gas.
The benevolent combination of light weight and great strength as well as its resistance to corrosion and heat makes it appropriate for aircrafts, spacecrafts missiles etc. In sports it is used for building light and sturdy rackets, bicycle frames, golf clubs etc. Titanium also finds use in making eyewear frames, lightweight laptops, bone and dental implants in medicine.
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Titanium vanadium alloys are widely used in aviation in the making of landing gear, hydraulic tubing, fire walls, etc.
But perhaps the truly commercial and mass consumption oriented use of titanium started with the crafting of titanium jewelry and today Titanium jewelry sector is among the fastest rising market sector in jewelry industries.
Titanium is blessed with nearly all the qualities required to become a suitable medium for crafting jewelry. It is strong and durable, it is resistant to rust , and it is hypoallergenic meaning that it does not trigger allergic reactions with the skin.
A gorgeous, putty-grey color differentiates titanium from the silver, gold and platinum used in jewelry. With different types of polishes it can be imparted either a matte or a shiny finish.
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The place of Titanium in the periodic table (group 4, period 4, and block d) classifies it as a transition metal. One of the typical properties shared by all transition metals is that they are able to form colored compounds mainly by anodizing. The technique involves creating oxide layers of different thickness and refractive properties on the metal surface. This attribute is used for creating titanium jewelry in virtually every color of the rainbow.
The metal is usually viewed as a symbol of strength and indestructibility and this has made titanium wedding bands a popular choice for couples who want their marriages to remain as strong and indestructible.
There is a certain mystical quality about titanium and it seems particularly appropriate that titanium (before it was so named) was discovered by a man of God—Reverend William Gregor—in Cornwall, England, back in 1790. It is also appropriate that five years later the metal was actually named titanium, after the Titans, the Greek gods of earth by the German chemist Martin Heinrich Klaproth.
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